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European Knowledge Transfer Policy Surveys

The objective of the European KT Policy Surveys in 2010 and 2012 was monitoring the status of implementation of the European Commission’s “Recommendation on the management of intellectual property in knowledge transfer activities and Code of Practice for universities and other public research organisations” from 2008.

Responding to this survey fulfilled the Recommendation’s requirement that Member States should “inform the Commission by 15 July 2010 and every two years thereafter of measures taken on the basis of this Recommendation, as well as their impact”, as stipulated in item 11 of the Recommendation. Associated States were also kindly requested to fill in the questionnaire. The 2012 survey was a follow-up exercise after an initial survey conducted by the European Commission itself in 2010. In the 2010 survey, responses from 26 countries were received.

In 2012, representatives from 39 European countries – EU Member States and Associate Countries in the European Research Area – received the questionnaire. Most of the representatives are official members of the European Research Area Committee working group on knowledge transfer. In countries with no or no active member in this group, empirica involved KT experts who represented their country in the KTS workshops (WP4). empirica had received complete answers from 35 countries, which is a response rate of 90%. Data for the missing was retrieved from the ERAWATCH country pages website, information from the 2010 survey, and KTS workshop presentations.

For the survey in 2012, the study team rearranged the eleven items of the Recommendation to seven themes in order to facilitate responses and analysis. For each theme, the countries were asked, firstly, to report about KT policy developments since 2010 and, secondly, to tick boxes for specific policy measures, indicating whether the measures exist, do not exist or are planned in their countries. The countries were also offered the opportunity to add explanatory statements if deemed useful. The measures asked about are the items of the Recommendation and the related “facilitating practices”. Fr two themes – KT strategies and IP policies – the questionnaire also included questions about legal and non-legal measures which are not specified in the Recommendation. Altogether the questionnaire included 40 single questions.

The tickbox approach with answers of “yes”, “no” and “planned” allows for a tentative quantitative analysis of national KT policies. An answer of “yes” was assigned the value of 1 (or “one point”), “planned” 0.5, and “no” 0. This assessment takes a favourable view on plans, assuming that “planned is half implemented”. Occasionally, the value of 0.5 was also assigned when certain measures apply for some regions of the country. For calculating the countries’ level of implementation, the maximum number of points was considered as 100%. Thus, if a country had fulfilled all measures asked about in the questionnaire, its level of implementation would be 100%; if it had not implemented or planned any measure it would be 0. An overall value for all countries and all items together was calculated in the same way. The assessment is based on the information provided by the countries. 

The results of the policy survey are included in the final report.

For further information please contact Stefan.lilischkis(at)